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Where and when did the nation of Israel begin?
According to biblical tradition, the Hebrews are the people descended from Shem, one of Noah's sons, through Eber, the related ancestor, and Abraham. Gen. 7:21-23 states that the flood destroyed all life except that in Noah's ark; therefore, the whole human family descended from Noah and his sons: Japheth, Ham and Shem. As yet, not all of the names of related ancestors in the family lines can be identified.
From Shem, through Arpachshad and Shelah came Eber, the related ancestor of the Hebrews, and from his descendants through Peleg, Reu, Sereg and Nahor came Terah, the father of Abram and his brothers Nahor and Haran. It becomes clear that if the Hebrews are descendants of Eber, then others besides those of Abraham's line would be included. Genesis 10:25-27 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. 26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, 27 And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, (KJV)
A Brief History of the Nation Israel
(Israelites, Hebrews, Jews)
Genesis 12:1-3 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee: 2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: 3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. (KJV)
The nation of Israel began here. God promised Abram a great nation (later he was called Abraham). Abraham means “father of many nations.” God promised that Abraham’s descendants would inherit and OWN the land.
Genesis 12:7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him. (KJV)
Genesis 15:7 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it. (KJV)
Scriptures really state that Israel owns everything from the Euphrates River of Syria to the Nile River of Africa. This does NOT make Arabs happy when they hear this, but it is true. It is Israel’s SIN that has caused Israel to lose control of their rightful land. Even today, it is extremely hard to find a born-again Jew. There are some, and I believe that these people are doubly blessed.
Jews today still follow Judaism and they relay do think they are automatically going to Heaven. That is NOT what the Bible clearly states! It is NOT true! God is no respecter of persons; Jew or gentile! Acts 10:34 Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: (KJV) All people must trust Jesus, God’s One and Only Way to eternal life in Heaven!
John 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. (KJV)
John 3:15-18 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. (KJV)
John 3:35-36 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.
36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him. (KJV)
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. (KJV)
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. (KJV)
1 John 5:10-13 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. 11 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. 12 He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life. 13 These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. (KJV)
Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: (KJV)
Moses led the Hebrews to the Promised Land. The Hebrews were shepherds who had wandered for centuries in the Arabian Desert seeking grass and water for their flocks. Sometime between 1400 B.C. and 1300 B. C. their search led many of them out of the desert into the land of Canaan in eastern Palestine. As a homeland, Canaan left much to be desired. It lacked fertile soil, natural resources and harbors. Even though winds from the Mediterranean Sea brought plenty of rainfall in winter, it quickly drained off. In summer, the hills in the south were burned brown by the hot desert winds. Since the hills were far more suitable for grazing than for crops, most of the Hebrews continued as shepherds. Even with its drawbacks, the Hebrews found Canaan a better home than the Arabian Desert had been. The Jordan River, in the northern part of the country, created a rich, well-watered valley, which seemed like a paradise to the Hebrews. They called it the land of milk and honey.
The Bible tells us that Joseph’s 10 evil brothers sold him into slavery. Joseph was carried into Egypt and sold there to Potiphar, Pharaoh’s servant (Genesis 39:1). Joseph was put into prison by a false accusation; but he prospered by the mercy and power of God. God had a special purpose for Joseph. Joseph prospered and eventually became governor over all of Egypt through a series of miraculous events. Eventually, Jacob was reunited with his long-lost son, Joseph; whom Jacob thought had been dead all those years. Joseph forgave his 10 brothers for the evil they did to him.
Jacob moved his entire family into Egypt to be with Joseph. The Hebrew families multiplied greatly and became successful. Many years went by and a new Pharaoh took power. This new Pharaoh did not know Joseph; and the Hebrews were enslaved by this Egyptian Pharaoh, Ramses II.
God delivered His people (the Hebrews) from the cruel bondage of the Egyptians by the hand of Moses. The Jews (named after “Judah”, fourth son of Jacob), crossed over the Red Sea into safety. Pharaoh’s armies and horses drowned in the Red Sea by the judgment of God. The Jews continued their journey into the wilderness of the Sinai Peninsula, where they wandered for 40 years.
In conclusion, about 1200 B.C., the Hebrews reached Canaan. They fought and defeated the Canaanites. The Hebrews began to develop their new homeland. They built permanent houses and began to farm the land. God sent “judges” (godly men and women to guide the people). In time, the Jews demanded a king over them. The prophet Samuel spoke to the Lord and Saul was appointed by God to be king over Israel.
Upon Saul’s tragic death in battle, David became king. David was a man after God’s own heart (1 K.13:14), and reigned mightily over Israel. David’s son Solomon took the throne when David died. Solomon was a wise, yet foolish king. He lived in sin and did not follow in his father’s footsteps. Solomon’s heart was turned aside after heathen gods, because of his one thousand heathen wives. Upon Solomon’s death, the people of Israel were tired, because Solomon’s projects were so expensive that he had to tax his people heavily and force many of them to work in the Phoenician mines. When he died, the ten northern tribes angrily broke away and re-established the independent Kingdom of Israel. Disunited, the Israelites were too weak to withstand the onslaught of the Assyrians, who thundered through Israel in 722 B. C. on their way to Egypt. The Israelites became known as the Ten Lost Tribes. The remaining two tribes in the south formed the kingdom of Judah. The people called themselves “Jews”, from a shortened form of “Judah.” One country after another exacted tribute from the tiny kingdom. In 586 B. C. Jerusalem was destroyed by the Chaldeans and were marched to Babylon in captivity. Even though the Jews later returned to Canaan, they were unable to regain their former unity or power.
After Solomon died, Solomon’s son “Rehoboam” took the throne. He refused to lighten the load on the people so they rebelled against him. Jeroboam, who had served under king Solomon, took ten tribes and went north.
The northern Kingdom of Israel was known as “Samaria” (their capitol). The southern Kingdom of Israel was known as “Judah” (their capitol was Jerusalem). The nation of Israel was divided by the foolish decision of Rehoboam to remain hard on the people. He told them he was going to be even harder than his father Solomon. They did not want to hear this. The nation of Israel was divided . . . and a house divided cannot stand! After the destruction of Samaria in 722 B.C. by the Assyrians, and the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 B. C. by king Nebuchadnezzar, Israel would not be recognized again as a nation until 1948 A.D.
The remnant of Jerusalem and its people were totally defeated in 70 A.D. by Titus of Rome. The Jews lost their homeland and were scattered all over the world. They suffered persecution and were a minority group in many different countries.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a number of prominent Jews founded the Zionist movement. Zion is a Hebrew name for “Jerusalem. The Zionists wanted to establish a homeland for Jews. Naturally, they hoped to go back to their ancient home in Palestine. The Turkish Empire had controlled Palestine for centuries. The Zionists got permission from the Turks to buy some land and make a few Jewish settlements in their ancient homeland. By the outbreak of World War I, several thousand Jews had established themselves in Palestine. In a peace treaty, the British received a mandate over the territory. The British government favored the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people. When the British took over control of Palestine, they did just that. In the next twenty years, thousands of Jews settled in Palestine. They made great progress in agriculture and manufacturing, set up schools, built irrigation projects, and generally improved the country. But, as the Jewish communities developed, the Arabs were afraid that they would be outnumbered and would lose control of their land. There was some hostile feelings and trouble before World War II. After the war, it got worse. The Jews had been horribly persecuted in Nazi-held territory. Any thought of Palestine as their Promised Land seemed gone. Most of the ones who lived through the Nazi horrors wanted to go to the Jewish homeland. War broke out, and the British suppressed it, but they could not solve the problems.
The British finally declared that they would turn the Palestine problem over to the UN and that they would get out of Palestine on May 15, 1948. On May 14th, 1948, the day before the British finally withdrew from Palestine, the Jews proclaimed the State of Israel as a new and independent nation. The Arabs at once went to war with the new state. The UN advised the armies of both sides to cease fire, but neither one obeyed. The Israeli army proved to be stronger than the armies of the Arabs.
The UN continues to strive for peace in this hot trouble spot. Israel still has much turmoil today with the Arabs. The Middle East crisis will never end until Jesus returns. Israel is still God’s chosen. Don’t ever doubt this FACT! God will NEVER turn His Back completely on them.
Galatians 3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. (KJV)
It is NOT faith PLUS something equals salvation . . . it is faith plus nothing that makes you a child of God. Don’t let cults tell you differently. “For ye are all sons of God.” . . . HOW? FAITH in Christ Jesus. Only faith in Christ can make you a son of God.
Galatians 3:27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. (KJV)
This is NOT speaking of water baptism. This is speaking of spiritual baptism (1 Cor. 12:13). When we put on Christ, we lay aside the old clothes, and put on Christ’s new robe of righteousness (2 Cor. 5:21; Ephes. 4:23-24). Then when God looks down, He sees you "in Christ." He sees the Blood of Christ. He sees you as perfect! God the father will NEVER turn His Back on the precious and Holy Blood of His Son (1 Pet.1:18-19).
Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. (KJV)
How I love this! Faith in Christ makes ALL believers one in Christ. ALL believers are His heirs, NO one is more privileged or superior to anyone else. All people in Christ are my brothers and sisters, no matter the color of their skin. It is the color of their heart that should interest us. “There is neither male nor female.” Christ make us one in Christ. Isn’t that wonderful?
Galatians 3:29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. (KJV)
The original Promise to Abraham was intended for the whole world, not just for Abraham’s descendants, Jews (Gen.12:3). ALL believers participate in this Promise and are blessed by God as children of Abraham. HOW can a Gentile be Abraham’s descendants? Because Abraham was saved by faith, and we are saved by faith. If I am in Christ and you are in Christ, then we ARE Abraham’s seed, and we ARE heirs according to the Promise. Paul says so because God says so! Praise God for this awesome blessing!
~. . . ISRAEL . . . ~
Israel, Abraham, Things About
Israel, Beginning of
Israel, 12 Spies
Israel, An Adultress
Israel, A Byword Among the Nations
Israel's Captivity Foretold
Israel Defeated in Battle
Israel, Divine Curse
Israel, God Hides His Face From Sin
Israel, Hatred of Israel is a Sin
Israel and Idolatry